Osteoporosis is a skeletal condition in which the bones may weaken and present a much higher risk of fractures. The most common and debilitating fractures are lumbar and hip fractures which can lead to devastating consequences. The most common risk factors for Osteoporosis is aging, being female, smoking, taking certain medications, low hormone levels, and low Calcium and Vitamin D intake.
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine screening for osteoporosis to begin at age 65 and for those with increased risk at age 60.
The goal of the treatment options listed below is to reduce the risk of fractures and some may even improved bone mineral density.