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Bleeding Disorders

  • Hemophilia- Hemophilia is a rare inherited bleeding disorder that prevents blood from clotting properly causing abnormal bleeding. This happens because the components of the blood are lacking proteins that help form the clot. There are two different types of Hemophilia: Type A and Type B.

  • Type A Hemophilia is caused by a deficiency of factor VIII. Factor VIII is a protein that assists in the formation of blood clots. This type is the most common. 

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    Type B Hemophilia is caused by deficiency of Factor IX which is another type of protein that helps to form blood clots.

  • Von Willebrand’s Disease- Von Willebrand’s Disease is the most common bleeding disorder in the US. This disease affects up to 1% of the population. Von Willebrand’s Disease is similar to hemophilia in that it prevents the blood from clotting normally. The main difference between Von Willebrand’s disease and hemophilia is that Von Willebrand’s patients either have a missing or defective von Willebrand Factor while patients with hemophilia are missing Factor VIII or IX. 

  • Factor XII Deficiencies- These deficiencies are rare. This protein is generally found in the bloodstream and assists with blood clotting.

Symptoms of bleeding disorders include:

  • Bruising Easily

  • Bleeding gums

  • Bleeding into joints

  • Excessive bleeding from small cuts

  • Excessive bleeding following surgery, dental work, minor injuries 

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding

  • Unexplained or frequent nosebleeds

If you would still like to learn more about bleeding disorders  and their treatment options, we have provided some  useful links below:

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